Extantion structures together with the fault-block mountain and metamorphic nucleated complex structures form another characteristic of Lushan Mountain geoscientific landscape. Under the influence of Neotectonism, Lushan Mountain stands erect all alone, where large structures are majestic and magnificent, while the small ones are in different poses and expressions. The matermophic nucleated complex structure in Lushan Mountain is very eminent and comparable to the standard matermophic nucleated complex in the world. The 2,500-1,800Ma matermophic complex strata of Early Proterozoic Xingzi Group that is exposed at the foothill of Lushan Mountain have been included in the "Stratigraphic Lexicon of China".
The fault-block mountain resulted by tectonic movement , glacial erosion and waterflow constitute a composite geomorphologic landscape that is also a geoscientific characteristic of Lushan Mountain. Its vegetation and biological diversity jointly form a magnificent, wonderful, precipitous and beautiful scene of Lushan Mountain, which shows Lushan Mountain¡¯s extreme aesthetic value of geoscientific landscapes.
The Lushan architectural culture combining Chinese and Western traditions has renowned both at home and abroad. From the end of the 19th century to the thirties of the 20th century, more than 20 countries worldwide came to Guling of Lushan Mountain and built up nearly 1,000 villas. Early at the beginning of the 20th century refreshing and graceful Lushan Mountain was called the "Park of All Nations" and the "World Village". The historic heritages on Lushan Mountain mix, in a unique form, in the beautiful natural landscape of highlight value, forming a cultural landscape which have extreme aesthetic value and is closely integrated with the spirit and cultural life of the Chinese nation.
Lushan Scenic and Historic Interest Area Administration Bureau, Jiangsu, China
2, Huiyuan Road, Lushan City, 332900, China
E-mail: China Lushan@163.com